Ten Basic Facts About Unemployment
(1934)


1. March 1933, 13,689,000 unemployed.
Population/Unemployed
1. 1933: 123,202,000/1933 13,689,000 24.9%
2. 1997: 269,711,000/1997 6,739,000 4.9


2. Since the average worker supported 2 1/2 people, 27,000,000 —or 21% of the country — received subsistence outside of private industry.

3. 17,000,000 applied for and are getting relief, leaving 10 million who do not have jobs and have no relief.

4. Relief rolls will steadily rise.

5. Who gave the most relief? FERA. CCC took 350,000 families off relief but this was not a significant number compared to the enormity of the problem.

6. The minimum wage of .30¢/hr. was available for those who worked three or more days. (Depended on the family's need). This payment was more expensive than the dole.

7. 17 million on relief didn't like the dole. They would rather work.

8. FERA started out as a mere distribution center of surplus farm products. Now supplied cash relief as well as canned meat, blankets, mattresses, shoes, etc.

9. Govt. spent about 130 million/month on relief. States could do very little. Actually communities did better than States. Private relief was about 5% of the total.

10. Private industry did little for re-employment. 1 million were re-employed from 1933-4. Most due to PWA projects.

David Kennedy ed. The American people in the Depression, West Haven, CT., Pendulum Press, Inc., 1973, pp. 84-5.


Estimates of unemployment

1928 2,080 4.4%
1929 1,550 3.2
1930 4,340 8.7
1931 8,020 15.9
1932 12,060 23.6
1933 12,830 24.9
1934 11,340 21.7
1935 10,610 20.1
1936 9,030 16.9
1937 7,700 14.3
1938 10,390 19.0
1939 9,480 17.2
1940 8,120 14.6
1941 5,560 9.9
1942 2,660 4.7
1943 1,070 1.9
1944 670 1.2
1945 1,040 1.9




Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1957,(Washington: Government Printing Office, 1961), p. 73.


Click HERE for a text.doc of this page

WelcomeAbout The American PromiseVisitor's GuideTeaching Guide
Teacher's ForumNewsletter ArchiveReferences + LinksContact UsHome
©2002 Farmers Insurance. All rights reserved.
Site Design: The Coyote Studio